Relevant oceanographic links in alphabetic order

ARGO – Argo is a global array of 3,000 free-drifting profiling floats that measures the temperature and salinity of the upper 2000 m of the ocean. This allows, for the first time, continuous monitoring of the temperature, salinity, and velocity of the upper ocean, with all data being relayed and made publicly available within hours after collection.

BONUS – The joint Baltic Sea research and development programme for years 2010-2017, was started by the BONUS member states together with the EU and officially launched in September 2010 by a co-decision of the European Parliament and the European Council as a Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) Article 185 activity.

BOOS – Baltic Operational Oceanographic System is an operational oceanography organisation operated by 19 partners from the 9 countries bordering the Baltic Sea (Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Russia, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, and Germany),  collaborating to develop and implement ocean observing systems for the Baltic area, with delivery of real time operational data products and services.

BSIM – Baltic Sea Ice Meeting, started in 1925. Presents result of the Baltic ice services.

COPERNICUS – Copernicus is the European system for monitoring the Earth. Sereral NOOS’ members are engaged in one of the six thematic areas: land, marine, atmosphere, climate change, emergency management and security.

EU Water Framework Directive – On 23 October 2000, the ‘Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a framework for the Community action in the field of water policy’ or, in short, the EU Water Framework Directive (or even shorter the WFD) was finally adopted.

EuroGOOS – EuroGOOS is an Association of Agencies, founded in 1994, to further the goals of GOOS, and in particular the development of Operational Oceanography in the European Sea areas and adjacent oceans.

GCOS – The Global Climate Observing System was established in 1992 to ensure that the observations and information needed to address climate-related issues are obtained and made available to all potential users. It is co-sponsored by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the International Council for Science (ICSU).

GEO – The intergovernmental Group on Earth Observations is leading a worldwide effort to build a Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) over the next 10 years.

GHRSST – The Group for High-Resolution Sea Surface Temperature (GHRSST) is an international collaboration providing the oceanographic, meteorological, climate and general scientific community with sea surface temperature data products. Individual and multi-sensor blended high resolution (<10km), global data products are freely available together with auxiliary information, provided in both real time and re-analysis mode.

GODAE – GODAE aims to make ocean monitoring and prediction a routine activity similar to weather forecasting. GODAE will contribute to an information system for the global ocean that will serve interests from climate change and coastal preservation through to fisheries and the off-shore industry.

GOOS – Global Ocean Observing System is a permanent global system for observations, modelling and analysis of marine and ocean variables to support operational ocean services worldwide. GOOS provides accurate descriptions of the present state of the oceans, including living resources; continuous forecasts of the future conditions of the sea for as far ahead as possible, and the basis for forecasts of climate change.

HELCOM – The Helsinki Commission works to protect the marine environment of the Baltic Sea from all sources of pollution through intergovernmental co-operation between Denmark, Estonia, the European Community, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia and Sweden.

ICES – The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea is the organisation that coordinates and promotes marine research in the North Atlantic. This includes adjacent seas such as the Baltic Sea and North Sea.

IOC – The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO was founded in 1960 on basis of the recognition that ‘the oceans, covering some seventy percent of the earth’s surface, exert a profound influence on mankind and even on all forms of life on Earth. In order to properly interpret the full value of the oceans to mankind, they must be studied from many points of view. While pioneering research and new ideas usually come from individuals and small groups, many aspects of oceanic investigations present far too formidable a task to be undertaken by any one nation or even a few nations.

OceanOPS – Coordinates, regulates and manages a fully integrated marine observing, data management and services system that uses state-of-the-art technologies and capabilities, is responsive to the evolving needs of all users of marine data and products, and includes an outreach programme to enhance the national capacity of all maritime countries.